Rambuteau, Claude-Philibert-Barthelot, count de

(1781-1869)
   political figure
   Born in Mâcon, Claude-Philibert-Barthelot, count de Rambuteau served as chamberlain to napoléon i and as prefect (1811). Keeping his posts during the First restoration (1814), he fought against the royalist insurrectionists during the hundred days and was forced to retire from political life at the time of the Second restoration (1815). A deputy for the opposition in 1827, he gave the "Address of the 221" (March 1830) by members of the opposition in the Chamber after the king's, showing the great distance between the king and the people's representatives. During the july monarchy, he was named prefect of the Seine (1833-48) and produced numerous works that embellished and renewed the capital (notably the construction of the avenue that today bears his name, the building of the arc de triomphe and the Madeleine, and gas illumination).
   See also revolution of 1830.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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